Braces can fix the most overbite problems. During the assessment stage, x-rays help determine the type of overbite and the connection between the teeth and jaw. Braces are then attached to the upper and lower arches of the teeth. The archwire first straightens and aligns the teeth.
During the second stage, elastics (small rubber bands) may be used to shift the jawline into the correct position slowly. The bands are fitted on the brackets to help move the teeth and jaw. A healthy practice is to remove the bands before eating, drinking, and brushing the teeth. It is also important to wear the bands at all times, so constant pressure is applied.
The final stage of treatment is to use a permanent wire or wear a retainer to keep the teeth in the desired place.
When Should Treatment Begin?
The soon the orthodontic treatment can start, the better. Grinding or clenching can damage patients’ teeth. Some overbites make it difficult to clean the teeth, so the patient is at risk of tooth decay and gum disease.
How Long Does it Take to Fix an Overbite with Braces?
Every case is different. Minor issues may require just 3-4 months, but for severe overbite cases, braces could be needed for at least 24 months. Once the braces come off, one should wear a retainer to keep the teeth in place.
Can Braces Alone Fix an Overbite?
Some adults with severe jaw problems need more than braces to correct the problem. In some situations, surgery is required to reposition the jaw. Braces can be combined with other treatments such as surgery or tooth extractions.
Some children and teens benefit from a growing jaw to assist the braces in moving it into the desired position. Early treatment of children may include a palate expander to expand the jaw’s size to accommodate the crowded teeth in a small jaw. A larger jaw makes it easier for the braces to move teeth into the correct position and stops the need for removing teeth.